The guest of Maarif Talks for January 2019 was Prof. Dr. Raşit Küçük, President of the Türkiye Diyanet Foundation Center for Islamic Studies, who made a presentation about “The Education in Medina during the era of the Prophet Muhammad (saw)”. Giving examples from verses of the Quran in which importance is given to the knowledge and the education, Prof. Dr. Raşit Küçük explained the educational method of the Prophet (saw) through different perspectives.
Stating that our traditional source for the education was the Prophet Muhammad (saw), Prof. Dr. Raşit Küçük noted that the practices of the Prophet (saw) in Medina shed light on the following periods and gave some examples demonstrating that the role model of the following period developed according to these practices.
The only thing that is wanted to be increased in the Quran is the knowledge and this position has always guided Muslims, but nowadays this position is no longer understood as it should be. Raşit Küçük stated that besides the many features of the Prophet (saw), one of his most basic characteristics is his teaching methods and that he put his practices through his life, starting from the Meccan period.
Although it is not possible to talk about a system of education in Mecca, it is seen that the Prophet always behaves like a teacher in one-to-one practices, and after the construction of the Masjid-i Nebevi in Medina, it is served as a basic educational institution. Prof. Dr. Raşit Küçük explained that this was a model for the following periods in many subjects such as the Quran learning and diplomacy training required for the state.
Both in the Masjid-i Nebevi as well as in the rooms constructed as annexes of the Masjid-i Nebevi, the young people, who were called “Ahl Al-Suffa,” were educated in a day and night system. These young people were coming from the Medina center and from outside the city and this method and tradition of education have continued to be implemented throughout the Islamic State for many years. Prof. Dr. Rashid Küçük said that the young people, who grew up there, were sent to different parts of the Islamic state to teach both the Islamic religion and handle with the state's affairs.
Prof. Dr. Raşit Küçük explained that the Prophet Muhammad (saw) used to talk to people according to their level of understanding, to give detailed explanation to the questions asked, and if needed, to explain again and again some issues that were not understood by the person he was speaking to, to use a soft language, to smile, to take care about the psychology of his interlocutor and about the time and the background of the interview, to follow a progressive path in education, to attach great importance to the practice and the education of the population, to use a depiction method in any explanation and to praise the actions rather than the people.
For this reason, the Prophet Muhammad (saw) devoted a specific time for the education, Tuesdays for women and Thursdays for men in the Masjid al-Nabawi and was an example to his ummah in his own life. Prof. Dr. Raşit Küçük said the Prophet (saw) was against all forms of extremism and announced, “Pray your supererogatory prayers in time of joy, you can not bored God by praying constantly and you cannot surpass your religion.” To ask questions is important, without the “how” and “why” questions, everybody could be a scholar.